(IN GUANTANAMO) | Private Houses | Places |
"GUANTANAMO" PROVINCE. INFORMATION
Is the most eastern province of Cuba. It is considered the most mountainous province of the country, with a very wide fluvial
net, that contains from little streams until copious rivers like Toa, Miel, Duaba and Yumuri. According to the Baracoa tradition, who takes a bath in Miel river, be rejuvenated. This river owns
cristallyne and warm waters.
In this zone we can find almost extinguished zoological species, as the almiqui,
one prehistorical rodent.
The sugar cane refinery guarantee the sugar cane process.
In the mountains are cultivated coffee and cacao. Guantánamo is the first productor
of salt in the country.
Guantanamo Province has the following Municipalities :
Guantánamo, Baracoa, Caimanera, Maisí, El Salvador, Yateras, San Antonio del Sur, Imias, Manuel Torres y Niceto Pérez.
When Spaniards arrived, this region was inhabited by tainos aborigens. They were
ceramists, farmers and rebelds and never gave way to the spanish conquers.
The political indian chief (cacique) Hatuey fought against the conqueror until get in prison
and was condemned to die in bonfire.
In 1796 was founded Santa Catalina de Guantanamo, nowadays GUANTANANO City,
capital of the province.
In Guantanamo Province we can find the first city in Cuba funded by the Spaniards and one of the first in America : Baracoa.
1512 Diego Velazquez founded a spanish village in cuban lands, close to the mouth of Macaguanigua river, in the eastern extreme of Guantanamo province,
was "Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion de Baracoa".
From this city, surrounded by mountains and with entry to the sea,
the Spaniard went to conquer other regions of the country. Baracoa is an
indian word meaning "elevated land". The town remained isolated until "La Farola", the famous highway, was built in the 1960's. Baracoa's
broad Malecon along the northeast side of town has been called the first
oceanside drive in the Caribbean and it's certainly one of the finest.
This lovely, relaxing town shelters a number of important sights, and
visitors can make several interesting excursions in the surrounding
See Cuban Cities Map